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Title: Evaluation and characterization of tamarind gum polysaccharide: The biopolymer
Authors: Malviya, Rishabha
Sundram, Sonali
Fuloria, Shivkanya
Subramaniyan, Vetriselvan
V. Sathasivam, Kathiresan
Azad, Abul Kalam
Sekar, Mahendran
Kumar, Darnal Hari
Chakravarthi, Srikumar
Porwal, Omji
Meenakshi, Dhanalekshmi Unnikrishnan
Fuloria, Neeraj Kumar
Keywords: Tamarind gum
Micromeritic properties
Pharmaceutical excipients
Issue Date: Sep-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Malviya, R., Sundram, S., Fuloria, S., Subramaniyan, V., Sathasivam, K. V., Azad, A. K., Sekar, M., Kumar, D. H., Chakravarthi, S., Porwal, O., Meenakshi, D. U., & Fuloria, N. K. (2021). Evaluation and Characterization of Tamarind Gum Polysaccharide: The Biopolymer. Polymers, 13(18), 3023.
Abstract: Polymers from natural sources are widely used as excipients in the formulation of pharmaceutical dosage forms. The objective of this study was to extract and further characterize the tamarind gum polysaccharide (TGP) obtained from Tamarindus indica as an excipient for biomedical applications. Double distilled water was used as a solvent for the extraction of gum while Ethyl alcohol was used as an antisolvent for the precipitation. The results of the Hausner ratio, Carr’s index and angle of repose were found to be 0.94, 6.25, and 0.14, respectively, which revealed that the powder is free-flowing with good flowability. The gum was investigated for purity by carrying out chemical tests for different phytochemical constituents and only carbohydrates were found to be present. The swelling index was found to be 87 ± 1%, which shows that TGP has good water intake capacity. The pH of the 1% gum solution was found to be neutral, approximately 6.70 ± 0.01. The ash values such as total ash, sulphated ash, acid insoluble ash, and water-soluble ash were found to be 14.00 ± 1.00%, 13.00 ± 0.05%, 14.04 ± 0.57% and 7.29 ± 0.06%, respectively. The IR spectra confirmed the presence of alcohol, amines, ketones, anhydrides groups. The contact angle was <90◦ , indicating favorable wetting and good spreading of liquid over the surface The scanning electron micrograph (SEM) revealed that the particle is spherical in shape and irregular. DSC analysis shows a sharp exothermic peak at 350 ◦C that shows its crystalline nature. The results of the evaluated properties showed that TGP has acceptable properties and can be used as a excipient to formulate dosage forms for biomedical applications.
URI: ttps://
ISSN: 20734360
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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